Leadership Competencies Examples: Exploring Leadership Competency Frameworks, Models, and Core Competencies

Have you ever wondered what separates the boss from the leader?

Let’s assume you’re at a work meeting. The boss walks in, assigns a pile of duties, and wants everyone to get right to work. It feels like you are just following orders with no regard for the vision. Consider a different meeting. A leader enters, his eyes full of excitement. They discuss the project, not only what needs to be done, but why it is essential. They explain how everyone’s role fits together, and you realise you’re not simply doing a job but part of something larger. You have a sense of motivation and a desire to participate and see this project succeed. That’s the strength of leadership abilities. It’s not about yelling instructions; it’s about motivating others.

The difference lies in leadership competencies, the specific skills and qualities that distinguish influential leaders from the pack.

Great leaders possess unique skills and qualities that inspire, motivate, and guide their teams to success. These are known as leadership competencies, the underlying components behind effective leadership. A leadership competency includes behaviors and skills necessary for leaders to meet performance standards, such as understanding employees’ needs and aligning with organizational goals. In this blog, we’ll explore key leadership competencies that every leader, from CEOs to the team leads, should aspire to develop and how we can incorporate the same in ourselves. We’ll also look at real-world examples to observe how these competencies apply in practice. So, get ready to make use of your own hidden leadership potential!

What are Leadership Competencies?

Leadership is the art of influencing and guiding others towards a common goal. However, this impact does not arise out of nowhere. Effective leadership requires a solid foundation of leadership competencies, which is the core of successful management. A leadership competency model defines the behaviors and skills necessary for leaders and provides a framework to assess leadership performance. These competencies include the specific skills, knowledge, and behaviours that empower leaders to put into action their vision into reality.

Without these core competencies, leadership becomes fragmented and struggles to meet objectives. By developing a strong foundation in these areas, leaders create a structure that inspires their team and drives progress. The unique collection of tools and characteristics allows leaders to effectively communicate, motivate, and manage problems, ultimately resulting in success and the formation of a successful team.

The bright side is that leadership competencies aren’t inborn talents but a combination of learned abilities and personal qualities that can be developed over time. This means anyone can learn the skills and behaviours that define a great leader. So, what exactly are these essential competencies? Let us explain the key leadership competencies that every leader should aspire to develop regardless of experience or position.

4 Key Leadership Competency (ies)

As we said, leadership is not about yelling commands or having years of experience. It is about having the required abilities and behaviours to inspire, encourage, and guide others toward a common objective. These skills are the essential competencies that we need to hone our leadership skills.

Here’s an analysis of these competencies, grouped according to their focus within a competency model:

Leading Yourself


1. Leading Yourself:

Leading oneself involves taking responsibility for one’s actions and decisions, continuously striving for improvement, and setting a positive example for others. It includes the following skills:

  • Self-Awareness: This is one of the foundational leadership competencies. Understanding your strengths, weaknesses, values, and motivations allows you to make sound decisions, manage emotions effectively, and continuously learn and grow.

  • Resilience: It is crucial to bounce back from setbacks and challenges. Leaders need to be adaptable, resourceful, and maintain a positive outlook in the face of adversity.

  • Vulnerability: While traditionally seen as a weakness, vulnerability can be a powerful leadership strength. Leaders who are open about their own challenges and imperfections can create a more authentic connection with their team.

  • Growth Mindset: Great leaders aren’t afraid of challenges; they need to see them as opportunities to learn and grow. They embrace a growth mindset, constantly seeking feedback and pushing themselves outside their comfort zones.

2. Leading Others:

By setting a vision and aligning team efforts with organisational objectives, leaders facilitate cohesive teamwork and promote a sense of ownership and accountability among their followers. It includes the following skills:

Leading Others


  • Emotional Intelligence: Leaders with high emotional intelligence can manage conflict effectively, build rapport with diverse teams, actively listen, and provide constructive feedback. Emotional intelligence also involves setting clear expectations, recognising accomplishments, and creating a sense of purpose.

  • Delegation Mastery: Effective leaders know they can’t do it all. They excel at delegating tasks, empowering team members, and fostering a culture of ownership.

  • Coaching and Mentoring: Leaders who invest in their team’s development create a ripple effect of success. Great leaders are skilled coaches and mentors, helping team members identify their strengths, set goals, and reach their full potential.

  • Psychological Safety: Creating a safe space where team members feel comfortable taking risks, sharing ideas, and admitting mistakes is crucial for innovation and learning. Leaders who foster psychological safety empower their teams to do the best work.

3. Leading The Organisation:

Leaders in this capacity are adept at formulating and communicating a compelling organisational vision that aligns with core values and strategic objectives. A leadership competency model can be used to define and evaluate these competencies, providing a framework for assessing leadership performance and planning targeted development. The skills needed are:

Leading The Organisation


  • Strategic and Visionary Thinking: Great leaders don’t just manage the present; they paint a compelling picture of the future. They are visionary, inspiring their team to achieve a shared, ambitious goal.

  • Influence Without Authority: Formal authority only goes so far. Effective leaders understand the power of influence. They can build consensus, persuade others, and rally support for their ideas without relying solely on their position.

  • Global Mindset: Leaders need a global mindset in today’s interconnected world. They understand different cultures, appreciate diverse perspectives, and can navigate the complexities of a global marketplace.

  • Change Management: The ability to navigate change effectively is essential in today’s dynamic business environment. Leaders must communicate change, manage resistance, and guide their team through transitions.

4. Leading With Impact:

Leaders make bold decisions, even in the face of adversity, and learn from setbacks to adapt and improve. A leadership competency model can help define and evaluate these competencies, creating a framework to assess leadership performance and identify strengths and weaknesses. Leaders who lead with impact are committed to the following:

Leading With Impact


  • Storytelling: The ability to weave a compelling narrative is a powerful leadership tool. Leaders who tell great stories can capture attention, communicate complex ideas, and inspire action.

  • Problem-Solving: Leaders need to be able to identify problems, analyse causes, and develop effective solutions. Strong critical thinking and analytical skills are essential for navigating complex challenges.

  • Building High-Performing Teams: Great leaders don’t just lead individuals; they build high-performing teams. They understand the dynamics of team performance, can identify and address team dysfunctions, and create a collaborative environment where everyone thrives.

  • Data-Driven Decision-Making: Effective leaders leverage data to guide their choices. They understand the power of data analytics, can interpret data effectively, and use insights to make informed decisions.

Leadership isn’t about a one-size-fits-all approach. While some core competencies are universally crucial across most of the leadership roles, such as communication, visionary thinking, and self-awareness, the specific mix of skills you’ll need may vary depending on a few key factors:

  • Industry: The demands of leading in healthcare will differ significantly from those of leading in tech. Understanding your industry’s specific challenges and opportunities will help you prioritise the most relevant competencies. For example, a leader in healthcare might need a strong focus on empathy and emotional intelligence, while a leader in tech might prioritise innovation and data-driven decision-making.

  • Company Culture: Every organisation has its own unique culture. In a fast-paced startup environment, agility and adaptability might be crucial. Strong analytical skills and risk management might be more important in a more established organisation with a focus on stability.

  • Leadership Level: The needs of a first-line supervisor will differ from those of a CEO. While both need strong communication skills, a first-line supervisor might prioritise clear task delegation, while a CEO might focus more on inspiring a company-wide vision.

The specific competencies you prioritise will depend on your leadership role and context. However, the core competencies outlined in this section serve as a strong foundation for effective leadership across industries, company cultures, and leadership levels.

Let’s see what these key skills look like in action. We’ll explore real-world examples to show you how effective leaders leverage these skills to achieve success, empowering you to identify and develop your own leadership potential.

4 Examples of Successful Leaders 

Following success stories highlight the significant impact leadership skills can have on individuals, teams, and entire organisations.

Examples Of Successful Leaders


Visionary Thinking: Elon Musk (Tesla & SpaceX) – Visionary thinking goes beyond cool ideas. It’s about relentlessly pursuing them, like Elon Musk. With a bold vision for sustainable transport and space exploration, Musk has become a relentless innovator in cars and rockets. His goals, colonising Mars and electric vehicles, seemed like sci-fi. But visionary thinking bridges the gap. It translates wild ideas into plans and inspires others to join the mission. Musk’s infectious enthusiasm has propelled Tesla and SpaceX to become industry leaders, forever changing transportation and space exploration.

Storytelling: Steve Jobs (Apple) – Storytelling isn’t just about telling a story. It’s about capturing hearts and minds, like Steve Jobs. Jobs wasn’t just unveiling products at Apple launches; he was weaving a narrative. He painted a picture of a simpler, more creative future with every sleek device. Complex tech became approachable, a tool to unlock human potential. Jobs’ mastery of storytelling fueled Apple’s success, making them more than a tech company but a brand synonymous with innovation and inspiration.

Delegation Mastery: Sheryl Sandberg (Meta Platforms) – As COO of Facebook (now Meta Platforms), Sandberg’s delegation skills were legendary. Delegating isn’t just assigning tasks. It’s about empowering others. Sandberg understood you can’t do it all. She focused on high-impact tasks, trusting her team to handle the rest. This freed her up to lead strategically and develop her team’s skills. Sandberg empowered her team and propelled Meta Platforms to new heights by delegating effectively.

Vulnerability: Brené Brown (Researcher and Author): Vulnerability isn’t about weakness. It’s about strength in connection. Brown, a researcher on vulnerability, discovered it’s not a weakness but the foundation of meaningful connections.  Brené Brown’s research and bestselling books on vulnerability have made her a powerful voice in leadership development. We create space for others to do the same by opening up and sharing our true selves. This vulnerability fosters trust, empathy, and stronger personal and professional relationships. Brown’s work reminds us that letting our guard down isn’t a risk but the key to unlocking deeper connections.



These success stories highlight the significant impact these skills can have on individuals, teams, and entire organisations.

What Are The Benefits of Leadership Competencies?

We’ve explored the key leadership competencies – the building blocks of effective leadership. But why exactly are these competencies so important? In this section, we’ll examine the critical role they play in creating a successful leader and, ultimately, a thriving organisation.

Benefits of Leadership Competencies


  • Drives Results and Performance: Leaders equipped with the right competencies can set clear goals, motivate their team, and navigate challenges – all leading to better performance and achieving desired outcomes.

  • Empowers and Engages Teams: Effective communication, delegation mastery, and building trust foster a positive work environment where team members feel valued, empowered, and engaged in their work.

  • Fosters Innovation and Creativity: Leaders who embrace new ideas and encourage a growth mindset can unlock the creative potential of their team, leading to innovative solutions and a competitive edge.

  • Builds Trust: Leaders who demonstrate integrity, empathy, and emotional intelligence can build trust with their team. This creates a safe space for open communication, collaboration, and risk-taking, which is crucial for learning and growth.

  • Adapts to Change and Uncertainty: The business landscape is constantly evolving. Leaders with strong strategic thinking, problem-solving, and decision-making skills can effectively navigate change, manage uncertainty, and guide their team through challenging times.

  • Attracts and Retains Top Talent: In today’s competitive talent market, strong leadership is a major draw for skilled employees. Leaders who demonstrate leadership competency and inspire their team create a workplace people want to be a part of, reducing turnover and attracting top talent.

By investing in developing leadership competencies, organisations can create a ripple effect of success. From individual motivation to organisational growth, the benefits are undeniable. Now, we’ll explore practical tips and strategies for developing these essential competencies, empowering you to take your leadership skills to the next level.

How to Develop Leadership Competencies?

We’ve explored the most important leadership competencies for having a clear understanding of how they manifest in successful leaders. But you might be wondering: how can I cultivate these skills and develop my own leadership potential? It’s a set of skills that can be learned and honed through dedication and effort from aspiration to action. Here are some practical tips and strategies to help you develop your leadership competencies:

How To Develop Leadership Competencies


  • Self-Assessment: The journey begins with self-awareness. Take personality assessments, solicit feedback from trusted colleagues, and reflect on your strengths and weaknesses. This self-evaluation will help you identify areas for development and tailor your learning journey.

  • Continuous Learning: Leadership is an ongoing process of learning and growth. Read books on leadership, attend workshops, enrol in valuable courses, or seek out mentors who can guide and inspire you. The more you learn, the more equipped you’ll be to navigate complex situations and lead effectively.

  • Practice Makes Progress: Leadership isn’t just about theory – it’s about putting your skills into action. Volunteer for leadership roles within your organisation, take on challenging projects and seek opportunities to practise communication, delegation, and decision-making. The more you practise, the more confident and effective you’ll become.

  • Embrace Feedback: Feedback is a valuable tool for growth. Don’t shy away from constructive criticism – see it as an opportunity to learn and improve. Actively seek feedback from colleagues, mentors, and even subordinates.

  • Develop Your Network: Surround yourself with positive and inspiring people who can support your leadership development. Build relationships with mentors, join professional organisations, and connect with other aspiring leaders. Your network can provide valuable insights, resources, and opportunities.

  • Lead by Example: Effective leaders must inspire others through their actions. Be mindful of your behaviour and strive to embody the values and qualities you want to see in your team.

By following these tips and consistently investing in your development, you can cultivate the essential leadership competencies that will empower you to become a more effective leader, inspire your team, and achieve remarkable results.


The essence of true leadership is inspiring and directing people toward a shared goal. Critical skills include self-awareness, communication, strategic thinking, and the capacity to assemble high-performing teams are what drive this journey. These are the foundations that enable you to accomplish outstanding outcomes for your complete organisation as well as for yourself.

Elon Musk and Steve Jobs are two examples of leaders who demonstrate these qualities effectively. They serve as an example of how crucial it is to promote creativity, achieve goals, and cultivate a successful culture. The good news is that you can acquire these talents without having to hold a CEO position. It is possible for anyone to start and improve at leadership.

Are you prepared to bring out your inner leader? Embrace continuous learning, seek feedback, and hone your skills. Remember, leadership is about growth and impact. By investing in yourself, you can become a force for positive change and inspire those around you.

Saumya Khandelwal

Saumya is a Content Writer at Kapable. Saumya channels her curiosity and incorporates her empathy into writing that sparks contemplation and dialogue. She finds joy in crafting narratives that provoke thought, challenge perceptions, and ignite conversations. With a focus on diverse perspectives and impactful themes, she strives to connect, inspire, and contribute positively through her content.

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