How To Overcome Fear Of Public Speaking

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Did you know 75% of the population fears public speaking?

That means more than 200 million people feel nervous about talking to others. It is a cultural, geographical, and generational phenomenon. Whether it’s a small group or a large audience, speaking in front of people can cause anxiety and self-doubt. 

Have you ever considered why so many people are terrified of public speaking? And, more significantly, how does it affect our lives? Let us discover the reason behind this common fear and determine how to help you improve it.

The Science Behind Stage Fright

Fear of public speaking sets off a chain reaction of physiological responses within the body. It often stems from a primal fear of being judged or rejected by others, which triggers the body’s stress response. When presented with a speaking engagement, the amygdala, a part of the brain that processes emotions, reacts to the perceived threat and activates fight or flight. This reaction floods the body with stress hormones such as adrenaline, causing increased heart rate, rapid breathing, sweating, and muscle tightening, which can cause a panic attack.

Science Behind Stage Fright

These physical signs of fear can hinder performance leading to loss of words, blanking out, fumbling and sweating. Understanding the physics of stage fright helps people see that their physical symptoms are natural stress responses that can be appropriately handled.

Causes Of Fear Of Public Speaking

You’re standing in front of a crowd, and everyone is looking at you. Suddenly, your heart starts beating fast, your hands start sweating, and you can’t think of anything to say. Why does this happen to people? Is this phobia an old urge to survive? Does this shyness or social anxiety come from something more profound in your mind? Or does it stem from some trauma? Let’s look at the compelling reasons why we fear speaking in public.

Psychologically, people are often afraid of public speaking because they are afraid of failing, want to be perfect, or fear judgement as they don’t have confidence in themselves. They worry they’ll mess up their words, forget their lines, or get criticised. Let’s understand the fears in detail:

Fear Of Unknown

The fear of the unknown includes not knowing who the audience will be, where the speech will occur, or what might happen. A few significant variables can be related to fear of the unknown during public speaking. 

  • Lack of control: People fear the unknown because they think they have no control over what might happen, which leads to unpredictability. Anxiety can be caused by not knowing how the audience will react, the setting, or how the speech will go. 

  • Self-preservation: Public speaking frequently requires moving outside one’s comfort zone, confronting unknown situations, and sometimes facing judgement from others. This fear stems from the human desire for self-preservation since the brain perceives unknown situations as potential threats, resulting in a fear response.

Insider tip: Research and plan to know your audience to help you eliminate the fear of the unknown.

Fear Of Inadequacy

Oh, the anxiety of being incompetent! It’s a sneaky little monster that enters many people’s thoughts. This fear is often motivated by our fundamental desire to be liked and respected by others. We all want to feel competent, and fear of falling short of expectations can lead to feelings of inadequacy.

  • Comparison: One source of this fear is the tendency to compare ourselves to others. We live in a society where accomplishments and success are continually celebrated, making it easy to feel like we’re falling short. It’s as if we’re playing an endless game of “Am I better than others?”

  • Self-doubt: Another reason is our inner critic. That tiny voice can be harsh, constantly pointing out our errors. It highlights any apparent flaws, leading us to doubt our skills. It’s as if we have a bully who is constantly criticising us.

  • Past experiences: Previous experiences might also contribute to feelings of inadequacy. If we’ve suffered criticism or failure in the past, it can leave us with a constant fear of experiencing it again. We avoid challenges or opportunities that can expose our vulnerabilities because we are terrified of being evaluated or rejected.

  • Imposter syndrome: Imposter syndrome is a typical emotion related to feelings of inadequacy. It involves feeling like a fraud, believing your achievements are unjustified, or attributing success to chance rather than personal skill.

Insider tip: You need to learn how to be sure of yourself. Understand that you know much about the subject and focus on what’s best for the audience.

Fear Of Perfectionism

Isn’t it like an unseen high bar that keeps climbing higher and higher? This concern is frequently motivated by our desire to achieve excellence and be perfect in everything we do. We set up impossible standards for ourselves, and fear takes over when we feel we can’t reach them.

  • Fear of failure: We believe that anything that isn’t perfect is automatically a failure. We’re frightened of making errors or being assessed for anything short of perfection. It’s as though we’re stuck in a never-ending chase for perfection.

  • Fear of being judged: Another issue is our worry about what others think of us. We are concerned that we will be perceived as inadequate or inept if flawed. We want to project a perfect picture in the eyes of others. Therefore the fear of failing can be crippling.

Insider tip: Remember, to err is human. It would help to accept that mistakes are usual and focus on connecting with the audience and being true to your message.

Fear Of Embarrassment

This fear can be caused by our strong desire for social acceptability and the fear of being laughed at by others. We are terrified of doing or doing something that will make us appear silly or incompetent.

  • Overthinking: One cause of this issue is our inclination to exaggerate the possible impact of difficult situations. We anticipate the worst-case scenarios and presume everyone will remember and mock us for the rest of our lives. It’s as though our minds have a habit of exaggerating things.

  • Maintaining reputation: Another factor is our desire to keep a particular image or reputation. We are concerned that if we do anything embarrassing, it will harm how others think of us. We need to gain respect and come across as more knowledgeable and skilled. It’s as if we’re walking on a tightrope, desperately trying not to trip.

  • Fear of vulnerability: When we put ourselves out there and take risks, there is always the possibility of stumbling or making a mistake. We are afraid of being emotionally exposed and feeling humiliated.

Insider tip: Fear of embarrassment can be lessened once you learn how to be kind to yourself and focus on the message instead of your insecurities.

But hey, we’re all people, right? Mistakes are part of the learning process, and it’s important to remember that even the most experienced people have made mistakes.

Did you know Mahatma Gandhi had glossophobia? Celebrated for his tireless dedication to Indian freedom, he overcame his fear of public speaking to become an eminent orator. Gandhi struggled with addressing big audiences during his early years as a lawyer in South Africa, frequently experiencing anxiety and difficulties finding his words. Once Mahatma Gandhi was scheduled to speak in court, he barely managed to complete the first sentence of his address before dropping out, and an assistant stepped in and finished it for him.

His story is inspiring because it shows how hard work and practice can help people overcome their fear of public speaking. This undermines the many myths related to public speaking.

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Myths About Public Speaking

Let’s discuss some of the most popular misconceptions related to public speaking anxiety today. You may have heard some of these before:

  • Myth 1 – People can see your nervousness

Reality: A common myth holds that everyone can see your nervousness, but people don’t notice your nervousness as much as you think. They are usually more concerned with the content of your speech, your communication or your presentation than with your body language or signals of anxiousness.

  • Myth 2 – Public speaking anxiety is limited to beginners

Reality: This myth suggests that only inexperienced or beginner presenters fear public speaking. However, even seasoned speakers or experts in their field can feel uncomfortable before public speaking engagements. Public speaking anxiety can strike at any point in a person’s career.

  • Myth 3 – Public speaking fears can’t be overcome

Reality: This myth suggests that the fear of public speaking is impossible. With practice, preparation, a little curiosity for personal development and practical techniques, individuals can conquer fear and become confident public speakers. Many people have successfully overcome their fears and gone on to deliver impactful and engaging presentations.

  • Myth 4 – Public speaking is only for natural-born speakers

Reality: The truth is that public speaking is a skill that can be learned even by reading books like “The Art of Public Speaking” and practised during different opportunities. Some people are born with it, but even the finest speakers began somewhere. Anyone can become a captivating speaker with practice.

  • Myth 5 – You have to memorise your entire speech word for word

Reality: Memorising your full speech can make delivering it more challenging. It is preferable to understand your speech’s main ideas and structure and speak in a conversational tone. This allows for greater adaptability and a more authentic relationship with your audience.

  • Myth 6 – Using big, fancy words makes you sound more intelligent

Reality: Using big, fancy words doesn’t automatically make you sound smarter. In fact, it can confuse your audience and make your personality come across as pretentious. The truth is simplicity and clarity are essential. Speak in a way that your audience can easily understand and connect with.

From busting public speaking myths to getting over your fear, here are some helpful ways to overcome your fear of speaking in public.

Strategies To Handle The Fear Of Public Speaking

Let’s discuss some strategies that will help you in shifting your mindset so you can overcome your fear of public speaking: 

Strategy 1: Cognitive Restructuring

This technique involves examining and reframing negative or irrational thoughts into more positive and realistic ones. It includes:

Cognitive Restructuring
  • Step 1: Identifying the negative thoughts

The first step is to become aware of any negative ideas or beliefs you may have. These thoughts may cause you to become upset or act undesirable. For example, you might notice the thought, “I always mess up presentations and make a fool of myself.

  • Step 2: Evaluating evidence

After you’ve discovered your negative thoughts, examine the evidence. Is there evidence to support these ideas, or are they founded on assumptions? You might ask yourself, “Is it true that I always mess up presentations? Are there any instances where I did well?”

  • Step 3: Challenging and reframing thoughts

Now, it’s time to challenge and change those negative thoughts. Replace them with more balanced, realistic, and positive thoughts. You could replace the negative thought with, “While I’ve had some challenging presentations, there have also been times when I delivered successfully. I can learn from my mistakes and improve with practice.”

  • Step 4: Generating alternative interpretations

Cognitive restructuring also involves finding alternative ways to interpret events or situations. You could consider, “I had limited time and resources to complete the project, so despite the outcome, I did my best given the circumstances.”

  • Step 5: Practice and repetition

Like any skill, cognitive restructuring requires practice and repetition to become more effective. You could remind yourself, “I am capable of delivering presentations effectively. I have valuable insights to share, and I can handle any challenges that come my way.”

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Strategy 2: Mindfulness And Self-Compassion

Cultivating mindfulness and self-compassion will help you to overcome your fear of public speaking and reduce self-criticism. This involves:

Mindfulness And Self Compassion
  • Step 1: Mindful awareness 

Mindful awareness requires recognizing and accepting fear and unpleasant thoughts without judgement. This nonjudgmental awareness allows for a more balanced picture. It reduces the intensity of ideas that make you feel fearful or unpleasant about yourself.

  • Step 2: Self-compassion

Self-compassion is kindness, understanding, and acceptance. Everyone makes errors and is terrified. Remind yourself that feeling terrified and uncomfortable is normal. Give yourself the love and support you’d give a close friend in the same situation. Accept your human nature and imperfections. 

  • Step 3: Self-affirmation 

Your qualities, skills, and past successes can help to overcome your fear of public speaking and self-doubt. Recall your strengths and abilities. Consider your accomplishments, however minor. Recognize your uniqueness and life contributions. Focusing on your abilities and accomplishments can boost your self-esteem and confidence in handling difficult situations.

  • Step 4: Practising self-care 

Self-care reduces fear and self-criticism. Deep breathing, meditation, and mindfulness can help you relax, focus, and ignore the voice in your head. Make time for what makes you happy and confident.

The renowned businessman Richard Branson had a secret fear: speaking in front of an audience. He did something brave because he knew how important it was for his business. Branson faced his fear head-on and jumped at every chance to talk publicly. He knew people needed to communicate well to be inspired, share ideas, display charisma and connect. He turned his fear into a helpful skill through hard work and practice. 

Branson’s desire to face his fear shows how important it is to overcome glossophobia and leave your comfort zone to do great things.

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Quick Tips To Overcome Glossophobia

Do you get anxious before you give a speech? Nerves before a speech can be exhausting, but there are ways to deal with them well. 

Quick Tips To Overcome Glassophobia

Deep breathing & relaxation techniques

Take calm, deep breaths when anxiety strikes. Inhale through your nose, hold for a few seconds, and then gently exhale. Use this approach to help you calm your anxieties and relax your body before and throughout your speech.

Positive visualisation 

Imagine yourself giving an effective speech. Consider the crowd engaged, clapping, and enthusiastically responding. Visualising achievement increases your confidence and prepares your thoughts for a successful conclusion.

Focus on your message

Instead of obsessing over perfection, concentrate on conveying your message honestly and emotionally. Remember that the audience is there to gain knowledge from you and connect with your ideas, not to critically analyse every word you say.

Accept flaws

Recognize that making mistakes is natural. Refrain from stumbling over words or missing the point. Continue on, adjust, and keep a good mindset. The audience will be impressed by your resilience and ability to recover gracefully.

Seek feedback

Following your speech, seek constructive criticism from dependable sources. Please take note of their observations and use them in future speeches. Every event is a learning opportunity.

Gradual exposure

Gradually expose oneself to stressful speaking circumstances. Begin with small, supportive groups and work your way up to larger audiences. Your confidence will rise with each stride.

Sometimes, we face failures and challenges even after going through all these strategies and tips. No worries, let us learn to bounce back from these challenges like a pro.

Bouncing Back From Challenges

As public speakers, we all face difficulties, but guess what? It doesn’t mean the end of the world! Here’s how you can recover faster:

Bouncing Back From Challenges

Learn from setbacks

View public speaking obstacles as opportunities to improve. Analyse what went wrong, find opportunities for improvement, and apply what you’ve learned. Adopt a growth mentality and use setbacks to drive your perseverance.

Embrace resilience 

The key to bouncing back is resilience. Get back up, gather your courage, and keep going. Even the most experienced speakers make mistakes. It’s all part of the adventure.

Reflect & recalibrate

Take some time to think about your public speaking experiences. What was effective? What didn’t work? Change your approach, adapt your strategies, and set new objectives. Setbacks can be used to propel you forward.


The more you practise, the better prepared you will be to deal with problems. Rehearse your talks, fine-tune your delivery, and concentrate on areas that require work. Practice boosts self-esteem and resilience.

Create a support network 

Surround yourself with people who will encourage and uplift you during difficult times. Seek out speaking communities or join a public speaking course to connect with others who share your experience.

Learn from masters

Learn from Martin Luther King Jr., Winston Churchill, and TED Talk speakers. Watch their delivery, body language, and storytelling. Watch how they engage the audience and deliver their messages.

Remember that setbacks are only temporary hurdles in your speaking path. Accept challenges, learn from them, and keep going. Resilience and determination are required to become a confident and proficient speaker. So, get back up, accept the trip, and let your voice shine!


Public speaking isn’t just about overcoming your fears; it’s also a chance to learn a skill that could give you more power, help you make connections, and let you share your unique voice with the world. Take the stage in front of you and rule it because the world is waiting to hear your story. Do check out our Ultimate Guide on Public Speaking.

Take this chance to try new things, learn and grow, and let your voice be heard. If you want to learn more about speaking in public and how it will help you in your employment, you should take a public speaking course

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